Introduction and Methodology Between the months of February and March 2020, more than 200,000 labor migrants returned to Bangladesh as the Covid-19 pandemic caused mass business and industry closures in destination countries such as Saudi Arabia and Malaysia.1 Hundreds of thousands were left unemployed, facing uncertain futures. To better understand the short- and long-term needs of this population, the USAID Asia Counter Trafficking in Persons (CTIP) project, implemented by Winrock International, collected information from 155 returned Bangladeshi migrants through a quantitative study that took place from May 15 to June 4.2 Data was collected remotely through phone-based interviews using a closed-question survey. Kobo Toolbox software was used for all data collection. The sample was generated from contact information gathered on migrants who had returned to Bangladesh within the last 12 months. The database of information was compiled by district governments in Jessore and Cox’s Bazar, and was obtained with permission by two local organizations, Nongor and Rights Jessore (partners of the USAID Bangladesh CTIP project, also implemented by Winrock International). A random sample of 200 people was taken among those who had returned to Bangladesh after January 2020. Of those, 155 were reached by phone and agreed to participate in the phone interview. No other parameters were used for identifying or choosing the sample (i.e. income level, employment status). As of 2018, women made up about 14% of the total flow of labor migrants from Bangladesh.3 Roughly half of respondents were in Jessore district and half in Cox’s Bazar. Table 1: Respondents by district Province Respondents Jessore 75 Cox’s Bazar 75 Dhaka 2 Sylhet 1 Khulna 1 Chittagong 1 Total 155 Due to the small sample size and limited geographical coverage, results should be taken with caution and cannot be assumed as representative of the migrant population. However, the findings do shine a light on the current situation and needs of some migrants as well as their knowledge of Covid-19. Of the 155 respondents who participated in interviews, 95% were male and 5% were female. The small percentage of women reached was because men dominated the lists of returned migrants. This is quite representative of the migration context: many more Bangladeshi men migrate for work than women. 1 Anadolu Agency, 2020. Accessed online: 2 This is the second brief in a series. Data was also collected with migrants in Cambodia and Nepal. 3 Labor Migration from Bangladesh 2018: Achievements and Challenges, RMMRU, 2019. Accessed online:

Select target paragraph3